This guide was created to help you format your papers using the APA citation style. A citation style tells you how your paper should be arranged, and how to give credit to resources such as books and articles both in the text of your paper, and in your references page.
Find formatting and in-text citation help below.
APA formatted papers typically have a cover page, they may include an abstract, and include a running head in combination with a page number on each page. Check with your instructor to ensure that you are formatting your paper properly based on their instructions.
First Page of Paper
Information obtained from:
Paiz, J.M., et. al. (2012, March 14). In text citations: The Basics. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/02/
Below are 3 ways that you can provide an in-text citation:
1. Use a signal phrase and a quote. A signal phrase introduces the author in a lead in sentence with a quote, and then places the page number at the end.
Ex.: Pollan (2001) explains that "the apple, like the settlers themselves, had to forsake its former domestic life and return to the wild before it could be reborn as an American" (p. 13).
2. Use a direct quote. A direct quote places the author and page number in parenthesis at the end.
Ex.: "In effect, the apple like the settlers themselves, had to forsake its former domestic life and return to the wild before it could be reborn as an American" (Pollan, 2001, p. 13).
3. Use a signal phrase and a paraphrase. A signal phrase introduces the author in the sentence, and rather than quote the author directly, you restate the author's ideas in your own words. This is followed by the page number in parenthesis.
Ex.: Michael Pollan (2001) compares the apple to the settler, because both required an experience in the wild in order to fully express the American experience (p. 13).
All of these in-text citations would correspond to a citation on your works cited page for:
Pollan, M. (2001). The Botany of Desire. New York: Random House.